Gabriela Rangel was born in Caracas in October 1963. She studied law and social communications at the Universidad Católica Andrés Bello, and film at the Escuela Internacional de Cine de San Antonio de los Baños, Cuba. She received a Master's degree at the Center for Curatorial Studies at Bard College, Annandale on Hudson, New York.
Starting in 2004, she directed the Visual Arts department of Americas Society, New York's oldest program devoted to Latin America. Prior to that, she worked at the Consejo Nacional de la Cultura (CONAC), the Fundación Cinemateca Nacional, the Museo Alejandro Otero, and the Houston Museum of Fine Arts.
Her most recent exhibition projects include Erick Meyenberg, Re mayor no es azul (Museo Amparo, 2019) Lydia Cabrera and Edouard Glissant, Trembling Thinking (Hans Ulrich Obrist and Asad Raza, Americas Society, 2018-19), Jorge Eduardo Eielson (with Sharon Lerner, MALI, Lima) 2017-18; Archives of the Infra World: Nascimento-Lovera and Erick Meyenberg (Krinzinger Projekte, Vienna, 2017); The wheel bears no resemblance to a leg (with Lucia Sanromán, AS-Yerba Buena Center, San Francisco) 2017; The Art of Friendship: Xul Solar and Jorge Luis Borges (CCK, Buenos Aires) 2016; Hemispheres: A Labyrinth Sketchbook by Silvia Gruner (with Tatiana Cuevas, AS-Museo Amparo, Puebla,Mexico, 2015); Arturo Herrera, Les Noces (AS 2011); Gordon Matta-Clark: Undoing Spaces (with Tatiana Cuevas, Paço Imperial RJ, Museu de Arte Moderna de SP, Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes de Santiago and MALI 2009–10); Marta Minujín,Minucodes (AS 2010), among others.
She was a member of the curatorial team of Cartagena's First Contemporary Art Biennial, and was artistic director of the Eighth Symposium in Contemporary Art Theory (SITAC) in Mexico City. She has published essays for the Recoleta Art Center (BsAs), the Gulbenkian Foundation, MALI, The National Art Gallery of Caracas, the Alejandro Otero Museum, the Houston Museum of Fine Arts, the Museum of Design of New York, and Tate Modern, among others. Articles of hers have appeared in The Brooklyn Rail, Hyperallergic, Parkett, Trans>,Atlántica, and Art in America.